By the End of Kindergarten/First Grade Skills

By the end of kindergarten, you can expect your child to:

  • Follow class rules
  • Separate from a parent or caregiver with ease
  • Take turns
  • Cut along a line with scissors
  • Establish left- or right-hand dominance
  • Understand time concepts like yesterday, today, and tomorrow
  • Stand quietly in a line
  • Follow directions agreeably and easily
  • Pay attention for 15 to 20 minutes
  • Hold a crayon and pencil correctly
  • Share materials such as crayons and blocks
  • Know the eight basic colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, black, white, and pink
  • Recognize and write the letters of the alphabet in upper- and lowercase forms
  • Know the relationship between letters and the sounds they make
  • Recognize sight words such as the and read simple sentences
  • Spell his first and last name
  • Write consonant-vowel-consonant words such as bat and fan
  • Retell a story that has been read aloud
  • Identify numbers up to 20
  • Count by ones, fives, and tens to 100
  • Know basic shapes such as a square, triangle, rectangle, and circle
  • Know her address and phone number


By the end of first grade, you can expect your child to:

  • Work independently at her desk
  • Listen to longer sets of directions
  • Read directions off the board, although some children may still have difficulty with this
  • Complete homework and bring it back the next day
  • Sit in a chair for a longer period of time
  • Be able to see things from another person’s point of view so you can reason with your child and teach her empathy
  • Relate experiences in greater detail and in a logical way
  • Problem-solve disagreements
  • Crave affection from parents and teachers
  • Have some minor difficulties with friendships and working out problems with peers
  • Distinguish left from right
  • Be able to plan ahead
  • Write words with letter-combination patterns such as words with a silent e
  • Read and write high-frequency words such as where and every
  • Write complete sentences with correct capitalization and punctuation
  • Read aloud first-grade books with accuracy and understanding
  • Count change
  • Tell time to the hour and half-hour
  • Quickly answer addition and subtraction facts for sums up to 20
  • Complete two-digit addition and subtraction problems without regrouping


News from Parent Resource Center

News from the Caroline County Public Schools –
 Parent Resource Center
 TODAY -April 27, 2017- Continuing Workshop Series (Sponsored by the FACT Committee) SSI/SSDI What is it?  How do I apply for it?   @ the disAbility Resource Center – 409 Progress St, Fredericksburg, VA – 7:00-8:30pm   Registration NOT required. 540-373-2559
Friday, April 28, 2017 –  Meet in the Middle – Special Olympics event – 10:00-1:00 PM – Caroline High School track.  This community event welcomes participation from our students, families, school staff and community members.   Athletes, student buddies, volunteers and school staff work together to create an atmosphere where our exceptional students get to shine in various outdoor athletic events.  They have the opportunity to share their skills, talents and friendship by being accepted and included with others.    Personnel from the Sheriff’s Department, Emergency Medical Services, CCPS Administration and other community agencies participate to show their care and support of these exceptional students. 
May 2, 2017 Continuing Workshop Series (Sponsored by the FACT Committee) Guardianship – What is it?  Should I have it?   @ the disAbility Resource Center – 409 Progress St, Fredericksburg, VA – 7:00-8:30pm   Registration NOT required. 540-373-2559
Thursday, May 4, 2017Caroline’s Promise invites you to:  Day of the Young Child – 10:00-1:00 PM – Caroline Recreation Park (behind high school) free games, prizes, lunch and education activities.  804-916-9619 for more information
May 9, 10, 11 – Get Ready for Kindergarten – 10am or 1pm at the Parent Resource Center.  Get what you need to know to prepare for this exciting time.  Activities to carry you through the summer.
SEAC meeting for May 15th – CANCELLED
Graduation – Friday, May 19, 2017
May 22, 2017 Continuing Workshop Series (Sponsored by the FACT Committee) ABLE Accounts – What is it?  Should I have it?   @ the disAbility Resource Center – 409 Progress St, Fredericksburg, VA – 7:00-8:30pm   Registration NOT required. 540-373-2559
 Wednesday, May 24, 2017– Last day of school.  Have a great summer!!
Diploma Options
The VDOE has posted a new video training for parents and students to help explain the different diploma options available in Virginia and to share any pertinent info you may need. CLICK HERE to view.
TSA Programs and Services for Travelers with Disabilities
With spring breaks and summer vacations quickly approaching, this important information about TSA programs and services may be beneficial to travelers with disabilities and medical conditions. 


  • Support for Teens
    The CDC has created the You Are Not Alone toolkit, which is a support program for parents of teens with epilepsy. Their monitored community forum, Topic: Teen Zone, is a place for teens to chat about living with epilepsy.
  • Seizure Response Plan –
    can help you organize your seizure information and have it available when and where you need it. It can help you know what to do to prevent an emergency or tell others what to do in emergency situations. You can also adapt these plans to different situations in your life. By helping you be prepared, seizures or the fear of seizures won’t prevent you from participating and enjoying your life to the fullest. Posted by the Epilepsy Foundation.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Tips for making summer less stressful
    Five ways to help your child with autism cope with summer’s relaxed schedule
    The Washington Post published this article a few years ago but I think it’s still relevant.
  • Resources you need to know:
  • Paragon Autism Services:
    1st Saturday of each month from 10 to 12 p.m.
    Paragon’s Lego/Train Club at our Chatham office.  We provide Legos and trains for the children.  Older individuals bring Lego Games and are provided a separate room. The children have fun and the parents exchange information, stories, and comradery.
    2nd Tuesday of each month from 6 to 8 p.m.  Paragon Autism Services and ASNV co-host a Support Group in our Princess Ann St. office   Every other month a topic which has been requested by the group is presented by a local professional.  February has free discussion on the agenda and March has a presentation scheduled for transition services.
    3rd Wednesday of each month from 5-7 p.m
    Paragon’s Special Needs Night at KD’z Kidz World where we rent the entire facility and limit attendance to 50 children to ensure safety.  It proves to be a fun evening for both children and their parents!!!!
    4th Thursday of each month from 12 to 1 p.m.  Rappahannock Area Autism Council Lunch and Learn held at the dRC.  This event is a unique opportunity for parents and caregivers of individuals with Autism to ask questions and seek information from local service providers.
  • Autism Society-Central Virginia (AS-CV)
    Whether you’re new or have been involved in the ASD community for a while the AS-CV is the #1 resource for you and your family. They offer a wealth of information and resources, as well as, social, support and sibling opportunities. Becky Boswell, Bradford Hulcher, Tammy Burns and the rest of the team are committed, knowledgeable and passionate about helping you and your family. Be sure to check out their ‘meetings and events’ page.
  • Community Services Board (CSB)
    The Rappahannock Area Community Services Board (RACSB) provides prevention, treatment, employment and support services for Caroline citizens and families with mental health, substance use and intellectual disabilities. They work collaboratively with schools, law enforcement, and social services. They can also assist you with case management, counseling, crisis services, and general parenting education.
  • Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired (DBVI)
    The department offers a wide array of specialized services, supports, resources and programs for Virginia residents of all ages who are experiencing significant visual disabilities. The DBVI is committed to providing quality services to assist Virginia’s citizens who are blind, deafblind or vision impaired in achieving their maximum level of employment, education, and personal independence.
  • Department of Social Services (DSS)
    and the CSB work very closely together to serve you, your child and your family. They help to ensure that thousands of Virginia’s most vulnerable citizens have access to the best services and benefits available to them, such as: Financial Assistance, Medicaid Waivers, Health Financial Assistance, Family & Individual Services, Services for Children, and Services for Adults.
  • Down Syndrome Association of Greater Richmond (DSAGR)
    DSAGR is a wonderful resource. They strive to improve the quality of life for individuals with Down syndrome and their families by providing access to current and accurate information on Down syndrome and by fostering programs that focus on education, community services, public awareness, medical issues, research, advocacy, legal issues and parenting.
  • Virginia Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services (DARS)
    DARS can assist you with many things. They collaborate with schools in providing Transition Services. They offer Employment Services help people with disabilities get ready for, find, and keep a job. We have a residential training and medical rehabilitation center known as Wilson Workforce and Rehabilitation Center, and they process disability claims for benefits under the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Disability Programs.
Susan L. Gayle

Caroline County Public Schools – Parent Resource Center